Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Daniel J. Yelle; John Ralph; Charles R. Frihart
    Date: 2011
    Source: Holzforschung. Vol. 65, no. 2 (Mar. 2011): p. 131-143.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: Download Publication  (596.28 KB)


    To better understand adhesive interactions with wood, reactions between model compounds of wood and a model compound of polymeric methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (pMDI) were characterized by solution-state NMR spectroscopy. For comparison, finely ground loblolly pine sapwood, milled-wood lignin and holocellulose from the same wood were isolated and derivatized with the pMDI model compound. One-bond 13C–1H correlation (HSQC) experiments on derivatized and dissolved ball-milled wood revealed which hydroxyl group positions of the cell wall polymers reacted with the pMDI model compound to form carbamates. The chemical shifts of the derivatized model compounds correspond precisely to the chemical shifts of derivatized wood polymers. These model experiments will be taken as a basis in the next phase of our research (Part 2), in which the reactions of pMDI model compounds will be studied with intact wood cell walls under conditions similar to those used in oriented strand-board production.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Yelle, Daniel J.; Ralph, John; Frihart, Charles R. 2011. Delineating pMDI model reactions with loblolly pine via solution-state NMR spectroscopy. Part 1. Catalyzed reactions with wood models and wood polymers. Holzforschung. 65(2): 131-143.


    Google Scholar


    Isocyanates, adhesives, glue, plant cell walls, adhesion, hydroxyl group, chemical reactions, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, loblolly pine, sapwood, lignin, holocellulose, wood chemistry, carbamates, lignocellulose, biosynthesis, cellulose, catalysis, chemical composition, polymeric methylene diphenyl diisocyanate, polymers, polymerization, bonding, phenyl isocyanate, cellobiose, phenylcoumarin, pinoresinol

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page