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    Author(s): Nathan Parker; Peter Tittmann; Quinn Hart; Richard Nelson; Ken Skog; Anneliese Schmidt; Edward Gray; Bryan Jenkins
    Date: 2010
    Source: Biomass and bioenergy. Vol. 34, no. 11 (Nov. 2010): p. 1597-1607.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (819.6 KB)

    Description

    A resource assessment and biorefinery siting optimization model was developed and implemented to assess potential biofuel supply across the Western United States from agricultural, forest, urban, and energy crop biomass. Spatial information including feedstock resources, existing and potential refinery locations and a transportation network model is provided to a mixed integer-linear optimization model that determines the optimal locations, technology types and sizes of biorefineries to satisfy a maximum profit objective function applied across the biofuel supply and demand chain from site of feedstock production to the product fuel terminal. The resource basis includes preliminary considerations of crop and residue sustainability. Sensitivity analyses explore possible effects of policy and technology changes. At a target market price of 19.6 $ GJ-1, the model predicts a feasible production level of 610e1098 PJ, enough to supply up to 15% of current regional liquid transportation fuel demand.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Parker, Nathan; Tittmann, Peter; Hart, Quinn; Nelson, Richard; Skog, Ken; Schmidt, Anneliese; Gray, Edward; Jenkins, Bryan. 2010. Development of a biorefinery optimized biofuel supply curve for the western United States. Biomass and bioenergy. Vol. 34, no. 11 (Nov. 2010): p. 1597-1607.

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    Keywords

    Forest products industry, West (U.S.), energy industries, forest biomass, utilization, sustainable forestry, renewable natural resources, biomass utilization, environmental conservation, biomass energy, fuelwood, fuelwood industry, economic aspects, forest products, mathematical optimization, supply, demand, technological innovations, feedstock, recycling, energy crops, sustainable agriculture, agricultural wastes, geographic information systems, marketing, forest biomass, market surveys, waste products, industrial location, models, industrial sites, forest resources, renewable energy sources, wood as fuel, biomass fuel, renewable natural resources, biorefining, mapping, biofuel, GIS, supply chain, supply assessment

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