Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Patricia K. LebowStan T. Lebow; William J. Nelson
    Date: 2010
    Source: Forest products journal. Vol. 60, no. 5 (Aug. 2010): p. 447-452.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: Download Publication  (219.86 KB)


    Although higher treatment pressures have the potential to improve preservative penetration, higher pressures may possibly result in greater reduction in mechanical properties. The present study evaluated the effect of treatment pressure on the treatment quality and mechanical properties of red pine (Pinus resinosa Ait.) lumber. End-matched sections of red pine lumber were treated with an ethanolamine copper preservative at pressures of 1,207 kPa (175 psi), 1,379 kPa (200 psi), or 1,551 kPa (225 psi). Preservative uptake and penetration were measured, and small clear specimens were subsequently cut from the specimens for evaluation of bending properties. The average percentage of sapwood penetration increased slightly with increasing pressure, and this difference was statistically significant between the 1,207-kPa (175-psi) and 1,551-kPa (225-psi) pressures. In comparison to untreated specimens, treatment at all pressures caused small reductions in modulus of rupture and work to maximum load. However, there were no significant differences in bending properties between the pressures evaluated, indicating that higher pressures can be used without additional sacrifice of wood properties. These treatments were conducted at ambient temperature, and the findings do not necessarily apply to treatments conducted at elevated temperatures.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Lebow, Patricia; Lebow, Stan; Nelson, William. 2010. Effect of treatment pressure on treatment quality and bending properties of red pine lumber. Forest Products Journal 60(5): 447-452.


    Red pine, wood preservatives, mechanical properties, elasticity, bending, copper, wood preservation, sapwood, modulus of elasticity, temperature, pressure, preservation, Pinus resinosa, preservatives, preservative treatments, penetration, bending strength, ethanolamine, treated wood, preservative treated wood

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page