Skip to Main Content
Post-1900 mule deer irruptions in the Intermountain West: Principal cause and influencesAuthor(s): George E. Gruell
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-206. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 37 p.
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Intermountain Forest Experiment Station
View PDF (4.05 MB)
DescriptionTests hypotheses for mule deer population increases between the early 1930's and mid-1960's. Concludes that livestock grazing and absence of fire converted vast areas of grasses and forbs to woody plants favored by mule deer. Mule deer populations, therefore, irrupted between 1930 and 1965 and have since experienced a decline as plant succession moves toward shrub senescence and trees. Habitat management alternatives are discussed.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationGruell, George E. 1986. Post-1900 mule deer irruptions in the Intermountain West: Principal cause and influences. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-206. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 37 p.
Keywordsmule deer, livestock, fire, grass, shrubs
- Mule deer and elk winter diet as an indicator of habitat competition
- Seasonal neighbors: residential development encroaches on mule deer winter range in central Oregon
- Wildlife habitats in managed rangelands—the Great Basin of southeastern Oregon: mule deer.
XML: View XML