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    Author(s): Chanda L. Meek; Amy Lauren Lovecraft; Martin D. Robards; Gary P. Kofinas
    Date: 2008
    Source: Marine Policy. 32: 1080-1089
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.58 MB)


    Arctic coastal communities in the Bering Strait region of Alaska (USA) and Chukotka (Russia) share a close relationship with their natural environments that can be characterized as a social-ecological system. This system is complex, featuring changing ecosystem conditions, multiple jurisdictions, migratory animal populations, and several cultures. We argue that linkages between communities in both countries enhance the effectiveness of transborder polar bear and walrus conservation. We find that locally embedded bilateral institutions can provide effective management venues that persist despite slow or lacking processes of international law because they provide a better fit between rules for managing and the true system state.

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    Meek, Chanda L.; Lovecraft, Amy Lauren; Robards, Martin D.; Kofinas, Gary P. 2008. Building resilience through interlocal relations: case studies of polar bear and walrus management in the Bering Strait. Marine Policy. 32: 1080-1089.


    social-ecological systems, transborder conservation, wildlife management, co-management, marine mammals

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