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    Water samples were collected weekly from June 12 to August 14, 1995, from Big Spring Run (BSR) in West Virginia. BSR originates in Big Spring Cave, where three stream samples were collected. In addition, 18 BSR sites were sampled downstream from the cave, three from its tributaries, and one above and below the stream?s confluence with Elklick Run. Along its length (653 m), the geology is Greenbrier limestone in the headwaters, Pocono sandstone in the midsection and Hampshire sandstone and shale in the downstream section. As a result, water chemistry was strongly influenced by biogeochemical and hydrologic processes.

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    Wooten, Alexander C.; Preer, James; Edwards, Pamela J. 1999. Geologic and tributary influences on the chemistry of a headwater stream. Res. Pap. NE-708. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station. 7 p.


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    Biogeochemistry, cavewater, cations, anions, pH

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