Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub


    Biobased adhesives fall into several major classes based upon their chemical structures. Starches are used in large volume, especially in the paper products industries, but cellulosics generally do not have the strength and water resistance needed for most wood products. Several authors have covered cellulosics adhesives (Baumann and Conner 2002, Pizzi 2006). However carbohydrate adhesives have not been used in wood bonding and they will not be discussed further here. Biobased adhesive bonding methods covered in this section, include proteins, lignins, tannins, as well as no added adhesive systems. Also not covered are biomass-based adhesive modifiers including fillers like nut shell flours and extenders like wheat gluten.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Frihart, Charles. 2010. Biobased adhesives and non-convential bonding. In: Rowell, Roger M.; Caldeira, Fernando; Rowell, Judith K., eds. Sustainable development in the forest products industry. Chapter 5, part 2. Porto, Portugal: Universidade Fernando Pessoa. p. 98-113: ISBN: 9789896430528.


    Adhesives, glue, gluing, adhesion, research projects, technological innovations, renewable natural resources, natural resources, biomass utilization, biotechnology, soybean glue, proteins, soy proteins, crosslinking, tannins, lignin, pyrolysis, biocomposites, bioconversion, bonding, wood bonding, review article, reviews

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page