Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Stan T. LebowCherilyn A. HatfieldBessie Woodward
    Date: 2010
    Source: Proceedings, one hundred sixth annual meeting of the American Wood Protection Association ... Savannah, Georgia, May 23-25, 2010: volume 106. Birmingham, Ala. : American Wood Protection Association, c2010: p. 174-183.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (462.4 KB)

    Description

    For decades the phrase “point 4” was synonymous with wood treated for use in contact with the ground. In this paper we review how and why the 0.4 lb/ft3 (6.4 kg/m3) retention became such an accepted standard, and then evaluate how well this retention has performed in long term stake testing. Data from plots near Saucier, Mississippi that contained southern pine 2 by 4 nominal (38 by 89 mm) stakes pressure treated with either ACA, CCA-A, CCA-B or CCA-C were evaluated. The plots ranged in age from 20 to 61 years. The data indicate that the 0.4 lb/ft3 (6.4 kg/m3) retention has provided good, but not unlimited, protection of wood placed in ground contact. Durability was notably diminished at retentions below 0.4 lb/ft3 (6.4 kg/m3) and durability was greater for retentions above 0.4 lb/ft3 (6.4 kg/m3). The 0.4 lb/ft3 (6.4 kg/m3) retention appears to be near the minimum for long-term ground contact, and the selection of 0.4 lb/ft3 (6.4 kg/m3) for general ground contact applications and 0.6 lb/ft3 (9.6 kg/m3) for critical applications appears to have been a wise choice. The data also indicates that the 0.4 lb/ft3 (6.4 kg/m3) CCA retention is not excessive, and is an appropriate choice for comparison to test formulations intended for use in ground contact applications.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Lebow, Stan T.; Hatfield, Cherilyn A.; Woodward, Bessie. 2010. Long-term durability of CCA and ACA: How is 0.4 doing? In: Proceedings, one hundred sixth annual meeting of the American Wood Protection Association. Savannah, GA, 2010 May 23-25: vol. 106. Birmingham, AL: American Wood Protection Association, c2010: 174-183.

    Keywords

    Wood preservatives, preservative testing, wood deterioration, service life, southern pines, copper, preserved wood, wood preservation, wood decomposition, stake preservation, chromated copper arsenate, ammoniacal copper arsenate, CCA, ACA, durability, preservative treated wood, treated wood, failure, field tests, stake tests, stake decay, decay resistance, wood decay, exposure tests, Mississippi, durability

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/37930