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The effects of shelterwood harvesting on oak regeneration two years after harvest in southern Ohio

Author(s):

James D. Downs
Roger A. Williams
Joni A. Downs

Year:

2011

Publication type:

General Technical Report - Proceedings

Primary Station(s):

Northern Research Station

Source:

In: Fei, Songlin; Lhotka, John M.; Stringer, Jeffrey W.; Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Miller, Gary W., eds. Proceedings, 17th central hardwood forest conference; 2010 April 5-7; Lexington, KY; Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-78. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 262-269.

Description

This research examines the effects of two intensities of shelterwood harvesting (reduction of stocking levels to 50 and 70 percent of full stocking) on oak regeneration in southeastern Ohio 2 years after harvest. The main goal of this study is to develop an understanding of the relationship between residual stocking (harvesting intensity) and the successful release of oak regeneration. The silvicultural treatments were conducted during fall 2005 at Richland Furnace and Zaleski State Forests, which are located in the heavily forested, unglaciated Allegheny Plateau region of Ohio. Analysis of variance was used to compare stem densities of oaks and other woody vegetation among the two treatments and control. The results suggest that oak regeneration was successfully released following the implementation of shelterwood harvests at both residual percentages. Competing vegetation remained a problem, however; further management (such as prescribed fire) may be needed in these stands to increase the competitiveness of oak regeneration. We expect similar responses to shelterwood harvesting in other oak-hickory forests of the central hardwood region.

Citation

Downs, James D.; Williams, Roger A.; Downs, Joni A. 2011. The effects of shelterwood harvesting on oak regeneration two years after harvest in southern Ohio. In: Fei, Songlin; Lhotka, John M.; Stringer, Jeffrey W.; Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Miller, Gary W., eds. Proceedings, 17th central hardwood forest conference; 2010 April 5-7; Lexington, KY; Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-78. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 262-269.

Publication Notes

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/38060