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Changes in U.S. hardwood lumber exports, 1990 to 2008Author(s): William Luppold; Matthew Bumgardner
Source: In: Fei, Songlin; Lhotka, John M.; Stringer, Jeffrey W.; Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Miller, Gary W., eds. Proceedings, 17th central hardwood forest conference; 2010 April 5-7; Lexington, KY; Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-78. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 570-578.
Publication Series: General Technical Report - Proceedings
Station: Northern Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (177.82 KB)
DescriptionThe volume of hardwood lumber exported from the United States grew by 63 percent between 1990 and 2006 before decreasing by 29 percent between 2006 and 2008. Canada is both the largest export market for U.S. hardwood lumber and the largest source country for hardwood lumber imported into the United States. In the last 19 years China/Hong Kong has displaced Japan as the second most important export market for U.S. lumber. Nearly 60 percent of the hardwood lumber exported in 1990 was red or white oak, but exports of these species had decreased by 32 and 22 percent, respectively, by 2008. By contrast, exports of yellow-poplar, black walnut, and maple have increased by 252, 242, and 141 percent, respectively. In 1990, exports accounted for 6.8 percent of domestic production compared to 9.8 percent in 2008. However, the export of individual species as a percentage of domestic production varies widely. The change in export trading partners and the species exported between 1990 and 2008 is the result of a shift of secondary hardwood manufacturing capacity from the United States to China/Hong Kong, Mexico, and Vietnam, and changes in furniture fashion trends from open-grained to closed-grained species.
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CitationLuppold, William; Bumgardner, Matthew. 2011. Changes in US hardwood lumber exports, 1990 to 2008. In: Fei, Songlin; Lhotka, John M.; Stringer, Jeffrey W.; Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Miller, Gary W., eds. Proceedings, 17th central hardwood forest conference; 2010 April 5-7; Lexington, KY; Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-78. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 570-578.
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