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    Author(s): S. Tian; W. Zhu; Roland Gleisner; X.J. Pan; Junyong Zhu
    Date: 2011
    Source: Biotechnology progress. Vol. 27, no. 2 (2011): p. 419-427.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: View PDF  (452.23 KB)

    Description

    This study reports comparative evaluations of sugar and ethanol production from a native aspen (Populus tremuloides) between sulfite pretreatment to overcome recalcitrance of lignocelluloses (SPORL) and dilute acid (DA) pretreatments. All aqueous pretreatments were carried out in a laboratory wood pulping digester using wood chips at 170°C with a liquid to oven dry (od) wood ratio (L/W) of 3:1 at two levels of acid charge on wood of 0.56 and 1.11%. Sodium bisulfite charge on od wood was 0 for DA and 1.5 or 3.0% for SPORL. All substrates produced by both pretreatments (except DA with pretreatment duration of 0) had good enzymatic digestibility of over 80%. However, SPORL produced higher enzymatic digestibility than its corresponding DA pretreatment for all the experiments conducted. As a result, SPORL produced higher ethanol yield from simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of cellulosic substrate than its corresponding DA pretreatment. SPORL was more effective than its corresponding DA pretreatment in reducing energy consumption for postpretreatment wood chip size-reduction. SPORL, with lower energy input and higher sugar and ethanol yield, produced higher sugar and ethanol production energy efficiencies than the corresponding DA pretreatment.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Tian, S.; Zhu, W.; Gleisner, R.; Pan, X.J.; Zhu, J.Y. 2011. Comparisons of SPORL and dilute acid pretreatments for sugar and ethanol productions from aspen. Biotechnology Progress. 27(2): 419-427.

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    Keywords

    Sugars, biomass energy, aspen, Populus tremuloides, ethanol, biomass utilization, pretreatment, hydrolysis, lignocellulose, biodegradation, biotechnology, wood chips, enzymes, industrial applications, fuelwood, fermentation, cellulose, energy consumption, lignin, hemicellulose, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, biotechnology, yeast fungi, SPORL, biomass fuel, saccharification, bioconversion, biorefining, alcohol, chips, chemical utilization, sodium bisulfite, acid hydrolysis, hydrolysates, biofuels, cellulosic ethanol, forest biomass, woody biomass, fermentation, enzymatic hydrolysis

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