Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub


    Pilot data indicate that wood chip pretreatment with oxalic acid reduced the specific energy required to make thermomechanical pulp. A combined oxalic acid/bisulfite treatment resulted in 21% refiner energy savings and 13% increase in brightness for aspen. A low level of oxalic acid treatment was effective for spruce. Energy savings of 30% was observed with no significant change in strength properties. Adding bisulfite did not significantly increase the brightness of the spruce pulp. For pine, the optimum treatment was a moderate level of oxalic acid, which resulted in 34% energy savings and an increase in strength properties. For all of these treatments 1–3 w/w % carbohydrates were recovered, which can be fermented to produce ethanol. The extract sugar solution contained significant quantities of arabinose.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Houtman, Carl; Horn, Eric. 2011. Pilot trials of hemicelluloses extraction prior to thermomechanical pulp production: Part 1. Tappi Journal. 10(5): 21-28.


    Pulping, hemicellulose, oxalic acid, pretreatment, wood chips, Populus, Picea, sugars, Pinus, carbohydrates, energy conservation. pine, aspen, spruce, thermomechanical pulping, pulp and paper processes, biorefining, wood extractives, chips, bisulfite, brightness, paper strength, arabinose, pretreatment

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page