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    Water quality is a measurement of the biological, chemical, and physical characteristics of water against certain standards set to ensure ecological and/or human health. Biomass production and conversion to fuels and electricity can impact water quality in lakes, rivers, and aquifers with consequences for aquatic ecosystem health and also human water uses. Depending on how the bioenergy system is located and managed, it can lead to both water quality deterioration and to improvements. This review focuses on the effects of bioenergy on water quality, on ways to quantify these effects, and on options for reducing negative impacts.

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    Diaz-Chavez, Rocio; Berndes, Goran; Neary, Daniel; Neto, Andre Elia; Fall, Mamadou. 2011. Water quality assessment of bioenergy production. Biofuels, Bioproducts, and Biorefining. 5: 445-463.


    bioenergy, water quality, indicators

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