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    Author(s): William F. Lazarus; Douglas G. Tiffany; Ronald S. Zalesny Jr.Don E. Riemenschneider
    Date: 2011
    Source: Journal of Forestry. 109: 149-156.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (87.27 KB)


    Short-rotation woody crops (SRWC) such as hybrid poplars are becoming increasingly competitive with agriculture on marginal land. The trees can be grown for energy and for traditional uses such as oriented strandboard. Using IMPLAN (Impact Analysis for Planning) software, we modeled the impacts of shifting land use from hay and pasture for cow-calf beef operations to hybrid poplars in northwest and west central Minnesota. Construction of a $175 million energy conversion facility capable of making 44 million gal of ethanol and 7.6 million gal of mixed alcohols by gasification/catalysis would create 2,412 jobs, with $158 million in value added. Facility operation, assuming establishment of 200,000 ac of hybrid poplar, did not substantially change the number of jobs relative to using the land for cow-calf operations. However, the SRWC-related jobs would likely be at higher average salary levels and business tax collections would be higher, resulting in a value-added increase of $80 million annually.

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    Lazarus, William F.; Tiffany, Douglas G.; Zalesny, Ronald S. Jr.; Riemenschneider, Don E. 2011. Economic impacts of short-rotation woody crops for energy or oriented strand board: a Minnesota case study. Journal of Forestry. 109: 149-156.


    impact analysis, ethanol, feedstock production, hybrid poplar, IMPLAN, OSB

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