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    Author(s): E. Paoletti; M. Schaub; R. Matyssek; G. Wieser; A. Augustaitis; A. M. Bastrup-Birk; A. Bytnerowicz; M. S. Gunthardt-Goerg; G. Muller-Starck; Y. Serengil
    Date: 2010
    Source: Environmental Pollution 158, 1986-1989
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: View PDF  (177.16 KB)

    Description

    Over the past 20 years, the focus of forest science on air pollution has moved from forest decline to a holistic framework of forest health, and from the effects on forest production to the ecosystem services provided by forest ecosystems. Hence, future research should focus on the interacting factorial impacts and resulting antagonistic and synergistic responses of forest trees and ecosystems. The synergistic effects of air pollution and climatic changes, in particular elevated ozone, altered nitrogen, carbon and water availability, must be key issues for research. Present evidence suggests air pollution will become increasingly harmful to forests under climate change, which requires integration amongst various stressors (abiotic and biotic factors, including competition, parasites and fire), effects on forest services (production, biodiversity protection, soil protection, sustained water balance, socio-economical relevance) and assessment approaches (research, monitoring, modeling) to be fostered.

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    Citation

    Paoletti, E.; Schaub, M.; Matyssek, R.; Wieser, G.; Augustaitis, A.; Bastrup-Birk, A. M.; Bytnerowicz, A.; Gunthardt-Goerg, M. S.; Muller-Starck, G.; and Serengil, Y. 2010. Advances of Air Pollution Science: From Forest Decline to Multiple-Stress Effects on Forest Ecosystem Services. Environmental Pollution 158, 1986-1989.

    Keywords

    Air pollution, Climate change, Forests, Ozone, Nitrogen, Carbon dioxide

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