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    Author(s): Samuel A. Cushman; Tzeidle N. Wasserman; Kevin McGarigal
    Date: 2011
    Source: In: McKenzie, Donald; Miller, Carol; Falk, Donald A., eds. The Landscape Ecology of Fire. Ecological Studies, vol. 213. Springer: 223-248.
    Publication Series: Book Chapter
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (2.34 MB)

    Description

    Global climate is expected to change rapidly over the next century (Thompson et al. 1998; Houghton et al. 2001; IPCC 2008). This will affect forest ecosystems both directly by altering biophysical conditions (Neilson 1995; Neilson and Drapek 1998; Bachelet et al. 2001) and indirectly through changing disturbance regimes (Baker 1995; McKenzie et al. 1996; Keane et al. 1999; Dale et al. 2001; McKenzie et al. 2004; Westerling et al. 2006). Changes in biophysical conditions could lead to species replacement in communities and latitudinal and altitudinal migrations (Iverson and Prasad 2002; Neilson et al. 2005). Expected increases in the frequency, size, and severity of wildfires (Mearns et al. 1984; Overpeck et al. 1990; Solomon and Leemans 1997; IPCC 2008), and other disturbances such as insect outbreaks, may further amplify changes in vegetation structure, species composition, and diversity (Christensen 1988; McKenzie et al. 2004). These shifts in distributions of plant species may have large impacts on many aspects of ecological diversity and function (Peters and Lovejoy 1992; Miller 2003).

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    Citation

    Cushman, Samuel A.; Wasserman, Tzeidle N.; McGarigal, Kevin. 2011. Landscape fire and wildlife habitat [chapter 9]. In: McKenzie, Donald; Miller, Carol; Falk, Donald A., eds. The Landscape Ecology of Fire. Ecological Studies, vol. 213. Springer: 223-248.

    Keywords

    landscape fire, wildlife habitat, climate change, forest ecosystems

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