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    In a sun-baked, grassy clearing on the east side of the Cascade Range in central Washington, Pacific Northwest (PNW) Research Station landscape ecologist Miles Hemstrom and a group of ecologists and land managers from the Washington Department of Natural Resources (DNR) gather in the shade of a ponderosa pine. Hundreds of years old, this ancient pine has withstood temperature extremes and droughts. It’s now the lone tree in the clearing.

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    White, Rachel; Mazza, Rhonda. 2011. Landscape models: helping land managers think big. Science Update 21. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 11 p.


    integrated landscape management project, ILAP, interagency mapping and assment project, IMAP, ARRA, Hemstrom

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