Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Christopher W. Woodall; Anthony W. D'Amato; John B. Bradford; Andrew O. Finley
    Date: 2011
    Source: Forest Science. 57(5): 365-378.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.36 MB)


    There is expanding interest in management strategies that maximize forest carbon (C) storage to mitigate increased atmospheric carbon dioxide. The tremendous tree species diversity and range of stand stocking found across the eastern United States presents a challenge for determining optimal combinations for the maximization of standing tree C storage. Using a nationwide annual forest inventory, we quantified trends in standing tree C across a variety of species mixtures and stocking attributes for 24 of the most common tree species in the eastern United States. We found that as interspecific stocking decreased, such that the majority of stand stocking was in a single species, maximum live tree aboveground carbon (AGC) decreased by 33% in highly stocked stands across all study species. Maximum standing dead tree AGC was not correlated with stand stocking but instead was related to interspecific stocking with AGC storage being reduced by more than 50% as stands became progressively occupied by one tree species. Although the competitive interactions between individual species and/or functional groups (i.e., shade tolerance) can greatly complicate efforts to assess forest C storage opportunities, some basic tenets identified in this study may refine future research hypotheses and broadly identify species mixtures and associated stocking levels that may maximize AGC storage.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Woodall, Christopher W.; D'Amato, Anthony W.; Bradford, John B.; Finley, Andrew O. 2011. Effects of stand and inter-specific stocking on maximizing standing tree carbon stocks in the eastern United States. Forest Science. 57(5): 365-378.


    biomass, carbon, species diversity, stand density index, stand stocking, mixed species management

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page