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Water availability and genetic effects on wood properties of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda)Author(s): C. A. Gonzalez-Benecke; T. A. Martin; Alexander Clark; G. F. Peter
Source: Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40:2265-2277
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Southern Research Station
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DescriptionWe studied the effect of water availability on basal area growth and wood properties of 11-year-old loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) trees from contrasting Florida (FL) (a mix of half-sib families) and South Carolina coastal plain (SC) (a single, half-sib family) genetic material. Increasing soil water availability via irrigation increased average wholecore specific gravity (SG) and latewood percentage (LW%) by 0.036 and 6.93%, respectively. Irrigation did not affect latewood SG or wood stiffness, but irrigated FL and SC trees had more latewood due to a 29 day longer growing season. Irrigation did not affect the length of corewood production, but irrigated trees had earlier transition ages, producing outerwood ~3 years before rainfed trees. The increase in whole-core SG and LW% was moderate because irrigation promoted earlywood growth in corewood formed before canopy closure, but after year 7, rain-fed and irrigated trees had similar earlywood growth but irrigated trees had more latewood growth, increasing ring SG and LW%. The SC half-sib family had higher SG and greater LW% than trees from FL independent of irrigation due to greater yearly latewood growth. Thus, absence of soil water stress extended seasonal diameter cessation date but did not change latewood SG or wood stiffness.
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CitationGonzalez-Benecke, C. A.; Martin, T. A.; Clark III, A.; Peter, G. F. 2010. Water availability and genetic effects on wood properties of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda). Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40:2265-2277.
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