Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Peter J. Ince
    Date: 2009
    Source: Climate Change and its causes, effects, and prediction series. New York : Nova Science Publishers, c2009: p. 101-117: ISBN: 9781608762620: 1608762629.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.02 MB)


    Global trends in pulp, paper, and paperboard have deeply affected U.S. pulpwood markets since the late 1990s. Global trends included a shift of growth in paper and paperboard production from North America to Europe and Asia over the past decade. This trend was associated with generally slower growth in U.S. industrial production and displacement of growth in print media advertising expenditures by electronic media. Wood pulp consumption in the United States was also offset by increased paper recycling since the late 1980s. The net impact of these trends was a contraction of growth in U.S. pulpwood demand and generally declining real prices for pulpwood since the late 1990s. The current status and trends of the U.S. pulpwood market contrast sharply to decades prior to the 1990s, when growth in U.S. pulpwood demand was more robust. Future growth in U.S. pulpwood demand is likely to be relatively subdued for the near term. Total pulpwood demand for wood pulp, wood panel products, and export has potential to increase in the U.S. South but only gradually in the decades ahead, while likely to remain flat or declining in other U.S. regions. Biofuels and bioenergy represent emerging demands for wood biomass, and potential future demands for pulpwood, but sustained higher oil prices or further technical advances plus new capital investments will be needed before biofuels create strong competing demands for pulpwood. Pulpwood still has much higher value-added potential in production of wood pulp than in production of biofuels such as cellulosic ethanol. In the near future, consumption of pulpwood in the emerging cellulosic biofuel industry is likely to remain a small fraction of total U.S. pulpwood supply and demand, although long-range future wood use for biofuel could be potentially quite large, depending on future oil prices and technological developments. The current depressed status of the U.S. pulpwood market presents a near-term policy challenge in forest management, whether to provide incentives to sustain or expand pulpwood supply in current times of lean demand growth when there may be much larger foreseeable needs, but only in the long run.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Ince, Peter J. 2009. Status and trends of U.S. pulpwood market. In: Global change and forestry : economic and policy impacts and responses: Chapter 8. Climate Change and its causes, effects, and prediction series. New York : Nova Science Publishers, c2009: p. 101-117: ISBN: 9781608762620: 1608762629.


    Paper industry, economic aspects, forest products industry, United States, wood-pulp industry, forest products, marketing, market surveys, statistics, commerce, paperboard industry, pulpwood, prices, supply, demand, forecasting, pulpwood industry, pulp and paper products, market outlook, production and demand shifts, trade

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page