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    Part of a sustainable future for wood products depends on extending the lifetime of wood used in adverse environments. For some products such as the daily news paper, the average life of the products is one day. For packaging, the products average life time may be as few days to a few weeks. For pallets and wooden containers, the lifetime may be several months. For construction, the lifetime may be many, many years. For those products with a long expected life, especially when used outdoors, there is a need to protect them from environmental degradation. The need to protect wood from decay has been an issue ever since humans first used wood. There are references in the Old Testament to the use of decay resistant wood. While there are wood preservatives that can protect wood for many years of outdoor use, the present wood preservatives are effective based on toxicity to the attacking organisms. In a sustainable future for wood, protection must be based on renewable, sustainable environmentally friendly technologies.

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    Rowell, Roger M.; Ibach, Rebecca E.; Nilsson, Thomas. 2010. Wood durability and stability without toxicity. In: Sustainable development in the forest products industry: Chapter 8. Porto, [Portugal] : Universidade Fernando Pessoa, 2010. p. 181-208: ISBN: 9789896430528.


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