Skip to Main Content
Wildfire risk management on a landscape with public and private ownership: Who pays for protection?Author(s): Gwenlyn Busby; Heidi J. Albers
Source: Environmental Management. 45: 296-310
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
PDF: View PDF (1.0 MB)
DescriptionWildfire, like many natural hazards, affects large landscapes with many landowners and the risk individual owners face depends on both individual and collective protective actions. In this study, we develop a spatially explicit game theoretic model to examine the strategic interaction between landowners' hazard mitigation decisions on a landscape with public and private ownership. We find that in areas where ownership is mixed, the private landowner performs too little fuel treatment as they "free ride"—capture benefits without incurring the costs—on public protection, while areas with public land only are under-protected. Our central result is that this pattern of fuel treatment comes at a cost to society because public resources focus in areas with mixed ownership, where local residents capture the benefits, and are not available for publicly managed land areas that create benefits for society at large. We also find that policies that encourage public expenditures in areas with mixed ownership, such as the Healthy Forest Restoration Act of 2003 and public liability for private values, subsidize the residents who choose to locate in the high-risk areas at the cost of lost natural resource benefits for others.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationBusby, Gwenlyn; Albers, Heidi J. 2010. Wildfire risk management on a landscape with public and private ownership: Who pays for protection? Environmental Management. 45: 296-310.
Keywordsfire, game theory, spatially explicit game, natural hazard, hazard mitigation, public goods
- Managing wildfire risk in fire-prone landscapes: how are private landowners contributing?
- Risk and cooperation: managing hazardous fuel in mixed ownership landscapes
- The social costs of homeowner decisions in fire-prone communities: information, insurance, and amenities
XML: View XML