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    Author(s): T.D. Perkins; G.T. Adams; S.T. Lawson; P.G. SchabergS.G. McNulty
    Date: 2000
    Source: Journal of Sustainable Forestry. 10: 165-172.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (2.01 MB)


    Current-year red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) foliage is predisposed to winter injury by one or more types of anthropogenic pollutants, particularly acidic deposition. The resultant defoliation, when severe and repeated, leads to dieback and eventual mortality of affected red spruce individuals

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    Perkins, T.D.; Adams, G.T.; Lawson, S.T.; Schaberg, P.G.; McNulty, S.G. 2000. Long-term nitrogen fertilization increases winter injury in montane red spruce foliage (Picea rubens) foliage. Journal of Sustainable Forestry. 10: 165-172.

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