Skip to Main Content
Patterns of primary succession of native and introduced plants in lowland wet forests in eastern HawaiiAuthor(s): Naupaka Zimmerman; Flint 1 Hughes; Patrick Hart; Heather Kalei Chang; David Perez; Ryan Kaipoalohaakala Like; Rebecca Ostertag
Source: Biotropica. 40(3): 277-284
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
View PDF (1.73 MB)
DescriptionThe majority of Hawaii's lowland wet forests no longer exist, with many of the last remaining patches found on the eastern, windward sides of the largest islands. To better understand successional patterns and invasion in these native systems, we quantified basal area (BA) and densities of woody species and understory cover at nine sites in the Puna district on the Island of Hawaii, representing age gradients of native stand development on both ‘a‘ä and pähoehoe lava flows. On both flow types, BA of native species increased (from 5 to 50 m2/ha) and stem densities decreased (from 3700 to 2600 stems/ha) with increasing stand/flow age. Both native and introduced species compositions diverged between substrate types on older flows. We found that lowland wet native forests remain at least partially intact in several locations, but their functional and compositional integrity is increasingly compromised by invasion of nonnative species, such as Psidium cattleianum and Melastoma candidum, which become more common at sites greater than 300-yr old. This time period may represent a threshold, after which abiotic environmental conditions no longer constrain recruitment of introduced species. On older flows, nonnative stem densities swamped those of native species by an order of magnitude, with nonnative stems (height > 1.3 m) achieving densities as high as 18,000 stems/ha. In addition, all stands lacked recruitment of native woody species in the understory, suggesting that without management, the native componentsof these forests may soon no longer be self-sustaining. Abstract in Spanish is available at http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/btp.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationZimmerman, Naupaka; Hughes, Flint 1, Cordell, Susan; Hart, Patrick; Kalei Chang, Heather; Perez, David; Kaipoalohaakala Like, Ryan; Ostertag, Rebecca. 2008. Patterns of primary succession of native and introduced plants in lowland wet forests in eastern Hawaii. Biotropica. 40(3): 277-284
Keywordsecosystem development, invasive species, Melastoma candidum, Metrosideros polymorpha, Psidium cattleianum
- Determining if there are lines of guava rust (Puccinia psidii) that could seriously impact ohia (Metrosideros polymorpha), in Hawaii
- Soil and hydrological responses to wild pig (Sus scofa) exclusion from native and strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum)-invaded tropical montane wet forests
- Managing conflict over biological control: the case of strawberry guava in Hawaii
XML: View XML