Skip to Main Content
Due to a lapse in federal funding, this USDA website will not be actively updated. Once funding has been reestablished, online operations will continue.
Incidence of bark- and wood-boring insects in firewood: a survey at Michigan's Mackinac BridgeAuthor(s): Robert A. Haack; Toby R. Petrice; Alex C. Wiedenhoeft
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology. 103(5): 1682-1692.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Northern Research Station
View PDF (209.87 KB)
DescriptionFirewood is a major pathway for the inadvertent movement of bark- and wood-infesting insects. After discovery of Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in southeastern Michigan in 2002, quarantines were enacted including prohibition of transporting firewood across the Mackinac Bridge between Michigan's Lower and Upper peninsulas. Drivers are required to surrender firewood before crossing the bridge. We surveyed recently surrendered Þrewood in April, July, and September 2008 and categorized it by genus, cross-sectional shape (whole, half, or quarter), approximate age (years since it was a live tree), presence of bark, and evidence of bark- and wood-boring insects. The 1,045 pieces of firewood examined represented 21 tree genera: primarily Acer (30%), Quercus (18%), Fraxinus (15%), Ulmus (12%), Betula (5%), and Prunus (5%). Live borers (Bostrichoidea, Brentidae, Buprestidae, Cerambycidae, Cossidae, Curculionidae [Scolytinae and non-Scolytinae], and Siricidae) were found in 23% of the pieces and another 41% had evidence of previous borer infestation. Of the 152 Fraxinus Þrewood pieces, 13% had evidence of past A. planipennis infestation, but we found no live A. planipennis. We discuss national "don’t move firewood" campaigns and U.S. imports of fuelwood. During 1996-2009, the United States imported fuelwood valued at >$US98 million from 34 countries.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, email@example.com if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationHaack, Robert A.; Petrice, Toby R.; Wiedenhoeft, Alex C. 2010. Incidence of bark- and wood-boring insects in firewood : a survey at Michigan’s Mackinac Bridge. Journal of economic entomology. Vol. 103, no. 5 (2010): p. 1682-1692.
KeywordsEmerald ash borer, Michigan, fuelwood, exotic, firewood, pathway, sanitation, pest control, insect pests, insect control, Fraxinus, Agrilus planipennis, biological invasions, nonindigenous pests, introduced organisms, pest introductions, forest diseases, forest pests, pest prevention, risk management, risk assessment, infestation, beetles, wood borers, bark beetles, invasive species
- Promotion of adventitious root formation of difficult-to-root hardwood tree species
- Be on the lookout for Asian longhorned beetles
- Effects of Rhododendron maximum thickest on tree seed dispersal, seedling morphology, and survivorship
XML: View XML