Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Incidence of bark- and wood-boring insects in firewood: a survey at Michigan's Mackinac Bridge

Year:

2010

Publication type:

Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Primary Station(s):

Northern Research Station

Source:

Journal of Economic Entomology. 103(5): 1682-1692.

Description

Firewood is a major pathway for the inadvertent movement of bark- and wood-infesting insects. After discovery of Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in southeastern Michigan in 2002, quarantines were enacted including prohibition of transporting firewood across the Mackinac Bridge between Michigan's Lower and Upper peninsulas. Drivers are required to surrender firewood before crossing the bridge. We surveyed recently surrendered Þrewood in April, July, and September 2008 and categorized it by genus, cross-sectional shape (whole, half, or quarter), approximate age (years since it was a live tree), presence of bark, and evidence of bark- and wood-boring insects. The 1,045 pieces of firewood examined represented 21 tree genera: primarily Acer (30%), Quercus (18%), Fraxinus (15%), Ulmus (12%), Betula (5%), and Prunus (5%). Live borers (Bostrichoidea, Brentidae, Buprestidae, Cerambycidae, Cossidae, Curculionidae [Scolytinae and non-Scolytinae], and Siricidae) were found in 23% of the pieces and another 41% had evidence of previous borer infestation. Of the 152 Fraxinus Þrewood pieces, 13% had evidence of past A. planipennis infestation, but we found no live A. planipennis. We discuss national "don’t move firewood" campaigns and U.S. imports of fuelwood. During 1996-2009, the United States imported fuelwood valued at >$US98 million from 34 countries.

Citation

Haack, Robert A.; Petrice, Toby R.; Wiedenhoeft, Alex C. 2010. Incidence of bark- and wood-boring insects in firewood : a survey at Michigan’s Mackinac Bridge. Journal of economic entomology. Vol. 103, no. 5 (2010): p. 1682-1692.

Cited

Publication Notes

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/40047