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    Investigations have continued for production high performance agro-based composites using environmentally acceptable approaches. This study examines the role of adding amide-containing biopolymers during synthesis of urea–formaldehyde (UF) on properties of adhesive produced, especially its adhesion potential. The environmental performance of UF-resin synthesized in the presence of modified amide-containing biopolymer was evaluated by evaluating the free-HCHO of both adhesive (during processing) and of the eventual engineered composite product. Also, the benefits of this synthesis-modified adhesive in enhancing the bondability of sugar-cane fibers used in engineered composite panels was evaluated and compared to using UF-resin. The results obtained show that, static bending of the produced composites varied from 27.7 to 33.13 N/mm2 of modulus of rupture (MOR) and from 2860 to 3374 N/mm2 of Modulus of Elasticity (MOE); while for internal bond (IB) it’s varied from 0.64 to 0.866 N/mm2. Based on the ANSI and EN Standards modified UF-based agro composites produced meet the performance requirements for high grade particleboards with respect to static bending strength. These agro-based composite also tested out as having free-HCHO values of ~ 13 mg/100 g board.

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    Basta, Altaf H.; El-Saied, Houssni; Winandy, Jerrold E.; Sabo, Ronald. 2011. Preformed amide-containing biopolymer for improving the environmental performance of synthesized urea–formaldehyde in agro-fiber composites. Journal of polymers and the environment. Vol. 19, no. 2 (June 2011): p. 405–412.


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    Modified-HCHO-based adhesive, biopolymers, agro-based composite, particle board, mechanical properties, elasticity, bending, composite materials, gums, resins, urea-formaldehyde, adhesives, free formaldehyde, adhesion, sugarcane fiber, biotechnology, modulus of elasticity, biosynthesis, strength, physical properties, bond strength, bending strength, bonding, glues, gluing, performance testing, biocomposites

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