Skip to Main Content
A review of fire interactions and mass firesAuthor(s): Mark A. Finney; Sara S. McAllister
Source: Journal of Combustion. 2011: Article ID 548328.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
View PDF (1.71 MB)
DescriptionThe character of a wildland fire can change dramatically in the presence of another nearby fire. Understanding and predicting the changes in behavior due to fire-fire interactions cannot only be life-saving to those on the ground, but also be used to better control a prescribed fire to meet objectives. In discontinuous fuel types, such interactions may elicit fire spread where none otherwise existed. Fire-fire interactions occur naturally when spot fires start ahead of the main fire and when separate fire events converge in one location. Interactions can be created intentionally during prescribed fires by using spatial ignition patterns. Mass fires are among the most extreme examples of interactive behavior. This paper presents a review of the detailed effects of fire-fire interaction in terms of merging or coalescence criteria, burning rates, flame dimensions, flame temperature, indraft velocity, pulsation, and convection column dynamics. Though relevant in many situations, these changes in fire behavior have yet to be included in any operational-fire models or decision support systems.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationFinney, Mark A.; McAllister, Sara S. 2011. A review of fire interactions and mass fires. Journal of Combustion. 2011: Article ID 548328.
Keywordswildland fire, fire interactions, mass fires
- How to generate and interpret fire characteristics charts for surface and crown fire behavior
- Fire characteristics charts for fire behavior and U.S. fire danger rating
- A study of the flow field surrounding interacting line fires
XML: View XML