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    Author(s): Samuel L. Zelinka; Dominique Derome; Samuel V. Glass
    Date: 2011
    Source: Building and environment. Vol. 46, no. 10 (Oct. 2011): p. 2060-2068.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: View PDF  (989.76 KB)

    Description

    A combined heat, moisture, and corrosion model is presented and used to simulate the corrosion of metal fasteners embedded in solid wood exposed to the exterior environment. First, the moisture content and temperature at the wood/fastener interface is determined at each time step. Then, the amount of corrosion is determined spatially using an empirical corrosion rate model and the inputs of the first step. The result is a corrosion profile along the length of the fastener generated by summing the corrosion depths determined at each time step. We apply the combined model to predict the annual corrosion depth along a metal fastener in wood decks situated in nine different US cities. Corrosion profiles are found to exhibit the same general shape independently of climatic load, with the largest amount of corrosion occurring at 1-5 mm from the wood surface with corrosion depths ranging from 5 μm in Phoenix, Arizona to 45 mm in Hilo, Hawaii. Corrosion is confined to the first 7-20 mm of the fastener below the wood surface. By varying the climatic loads, we find that although there is a definite relation between total annual rain and total annual corrosion, under the same rain loads corrosion is higher for a climate with more evenly distributed rain events. The proposed combined model is able to capture corrosion behavior under varying loading. A sensitivity analysis gives guidelines for future corrosion modeling work for fasteners in wood.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Zelinka, Samuel L.; Derome, Dominique; Glass, Samuel V. 2011. Combining hygrothermal and corrosion models to predict corrosion of metal fasteners embedded in wood. Building and Environment 46(10): 2060-2068.

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    Keywords

    Metals, testing, corrosion, anti-corrosives, fasteners, joints, wood preservatives, chemical reactions, moisture, wood moisture, service life, accelerated life testing, temperature, decks, rain, precipitation, climatic zones, computer simulation, connectors, tests, treated wood, preservative treated wood, exposure tests, moisture content, accelerated testing, durability, hygrothermal modeling

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