Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): E.J. Tozzi; C Tim ScottDavid Vahey; D.J. Klingenberg
    Date: 2011
    Source: Physics of fluids. Vol. 23, no. 3 (2011): 10 p. [Paper 033301.]
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: View PDF  (578.08 KB)

    Description

    The three-dimensional motion of asymmetric rigid fibers settling under gravity in a quiescent fluid was experimentally measured using a pair of cameras located on a movable platform. The particle motion typically consisted of an initial transient after which the particle approached a steady rate of rotation about an axis parallel to the acceleration of gravity, with its center of mass following a helical trajectory. Numerical and analytical methods were used to predict translational and angular velocities as well as the evolution of the fiber orientation as a function of time. A comparison of calculated and measured values shows that it is possible to quantitatively predict complex motions of particles that have highly asymmetric shape. The relations between particle shape and settling trajectory have potential applications for hydrodynamic characterization of fiber shapes and fiber separation.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Tozzi, E.J.; Scott, C.T.; Vahey, D.; Klingenberg, D.J. 2011. Settling dynamics of asymmetric rigid fibers. Physics of fluids. Vol. 23, no. 3 (2011): 10 p. [Paper 033301].

    Cited

    Google Scholar

    Keywords

    Particles, suspensions, deformations, mathematical models, simulation methods, dispersion, asymmetry, fluid dynamics, orientation, fibers, testing, hydrodynamics, Reynolds number, fiber properties, particle shape, sedimentation analysis, fiber orientation, statistical analysis, angular velocity

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/40278