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    Matrix population models have long been used to examine and predict the fate of threatened populations. However, the majority of these efforts concentrate on long-term equilibrium dynamics of linear systems and their underlying assumptions and, therefore, omit the analysis of transience. Since management decisions are typically concerned with the short term (<100 years), asymptotic analyses could lead to inaccurate conclusions or, worse yet, critical parameters or processes of ecological concern may go undetected altogether.

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    Field, S. G.; Schoettle, A. W.; Klutsch, J. G.; Tavener, S. J.; Antolin, M. F. 2012. Demographic projection of high-elevation white pines infected with white pine blister rust: a nonlinear disease model. Ecological Applications. 22(1): 166-183.


    Cronartium ribicola, disease prevalence, elasticity, five-needle pine, nonlinear disease model, Pinus albicaulis, Pinus flexilis, sensitivity, stage-structured model

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