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    Author(s): R. Justin DeRose; Robert S. Seymour
    Date: 2012
    Source: International Journal of Forestry Research. 2012: Article ID 181057.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (603.85 KB)

    Description

    We tested the hypothesis that changes in leaf area index (LAIm2 m-2) and mean stand diameter following thinning are due to thinning type and residual density. The ratios of pre- to postthinning diameter and LAI were used to assess structural changes between replicated crown, dominant, and low thinning treatments to 33% and 50% residual density in even-aged Picea rubens and Abies balsamea stands with and without a precommercial thinning history in Maine, USA. Diameter ratios varied predictably by thinning type: low thinnings were <0.7, crown thinnings were >0.7 but <1.0, and dominant thinnings were >1.0 . LAI change was affected by type and intensity of thinning. On average, 33% density reduction removed <50% of LAI, whereas 50% density reduction removed >50% of LAI. Overall reduction of LAI was generally greatest in dominant thinnings (54%), intermediate in crown thinnings (46%), and lowest in low thinnings (35%). Upon closer examination by crown classes, the postthinning distribution of LAI between upper and lower crown classes varied by thinning history, thinning method, and amount of density reduction.

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    Citation

    DeRose, R. Justin; Seymour, Robert S. 2012. Leaf area and structural changes after thinning in even-aged Picea rubens and Abies balsamea stands in Maine, USA. International Journal of Forestry Research. 2012: Article ID 181057.

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    Keywords

    leaf area index, Picea rubens, Abies balsamea

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