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    Author(s): John C. Hermanson; Alex C. Wiedenhoeft
    Date: 2011
    Source: IAWA journal. Vol. 32, no. 2 (2011): p. 233-250.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.34 MB)


    The need for accurate and rapid field identification of wood to combat illegal logging around the world is outpacing the ability to train personnel to perform this task. Despite increased interest in non-anatomical (DNA, spectroscopic, chemical) methods for wood identification, anatomical characteristics are the least labile data that can be extracted from solid wood products, independent of wood processing (sawing, drying, microbial attack). Wood identification using anatomical characteristics is thus still a viable approach to the wood identification problem, and automating the process of identification is an attractive and plausible solution. The undisputed increase of computer power and image acquisition capabilities, along with the decrease of associated costs, suggests that it is time to move toward non-human based automated wood identification systems and methods. This article briefly reviews the foundations of image acquisition and processing in machine vision systems and overviews how machine vision can be applied to wood identification.

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Hermanson, John C.; Wiedenhoeft, Alex C. 2011. A brief review of machine vision in the context of automated wood identification systems. IAWA journal. Vol. 32, no. 2 (2011): p. 233-250.


    Machine vision, wood identification, illegal logging, endangered species, pattern recognition, wood anatomy, image analysis, endangered plants, computer vision, image processing, automatic machinery, wood inspection, logging, law enforcement, optical equipment, optical instruments

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