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    Author(s): Jeffrey D. Kochenderfer; James N. Kochenderfer; Gary W. Miller
    Date: 2012
    Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS 96. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 59 p.
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (2.73 MB)

    Description

    Four manual herbicide application methods are described for use in Appalachian hardwood forests. Stem injection, basal spray, cut-stump, and foliar spray techniques can be used to control interfering vegetation and promote the development of desirable reproduction and valuable crop trees in hardwood forests. Guidelines are presented to help the user select the appropriate technique and herbicide for various forest management goals. Instructions for preparing appropriate herbicide concentrations are also provided. Photos illustrate the various application methods and the tools needed to apply herbicides safely and effectively, depending on the target plants to be controlled.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Kochenderfer, Jeffrey D.; Kochenderfer, James N.; Miller, Gary W. 2012. Manual herbicide application methods for managing vegetation in Appalachian hardwood forests. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS 96. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 59 p.

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    Keywords

    herbicides, Appalachian hardwoods, stem injection, basal spray, cut-stump treatment, foliar spray, silviculture

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/40792