Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Coeli M. HooverWilliam B. Leak; Brian G. Keel
    Date: 2012
    Source: Forest Ecology and Management. 266: 108-114.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (327.37 KB)


    Forests world-wide are recognized as important components of the global carbon cycle. Carbon sequestration has become a recognized forest management objective, but the full carbon storage potential of forests is not well understood. The premise of this study is that old-growth forests can be expected to provide a reasonable estimate of the upper limits of carbon storage for similar forest types in comparable site conditions. We sampled old-growth stands in Maine, Vermont, and New Hampshire to establish benchmark values for carbon storage in the forests of northern New England. Our specific objectives were: (1) develop estimates of carbon stocks in key live and dead biomass carbon pools of hardwood and softwood forests in northern New England, (2) compare these values to other estimates of carbon stocks in old-growth forests, and (3) compare data collected from mature second-growth forests to the old-growth benchmark values. Twelve sites in Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine were sampled to estimate total carbon stocks in aboveground live and dead biomass, down dead wood, forest floor, and soil to 20 cm. Total carbon stocks averaged 216 t/ha for northern hardwoods and 267 t/ha in softwood sites, with 116 and 125 t/ha in the aboveground live tree biomass for hardwoods and softwoods, respectively. Our results showed old-growth softwood averaged about 25% more carbon than old-growth hardwood, primarily due to the higher carbon amounts in the thick forest floors characteristic of old-growth softwood. Old-growth hardwoods supported live biomass carbon stocks similar to those in mature hardwood stands (about 80-120 years old), although forest floor stocks in old-growth were about twice as high (a non-significant difference). Overall carbon stocks in mature second-growth hardwoods were 89% of those in old-growth stands; this difference was not statistically significant. Additional work is needed in mature second-growth softwoods; data were not available for comparison to the benchmarks.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Hoover, Coeli M.; Leak, William B.; Keel, Brian G. 2012. Benchmark carbon stocks from old-growth forests in northern New England, USA. Forest Ecology and Management. 266: 108-114.


    Google Scholar


    old-growth forests, forest carbon stocks, second-growth forests

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page