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    Author(s): Niklaus J. Grunwald; Matteo Garbelotto; Erica M. Goss; Kurt Huengens; Simone Prospero
    Date: 2012
    Source: Trends in Microbiology. 20(3): 131 -138.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: Download Publication  (2.58 MB)

    Description

    The recently emerged plant pathogen Phytophthora ramorum is responsible for causing the sudden oak death epidemic. This review documents the emergence of P. ramorum based on evolutionary and population genetic analyses. Currently infection by P. ramorum occurs only in Europe and North America and three clonal lineages are distinguished: EU1, NA1 and NA2. Ancient divergence of these lineages supports a scenario in which P. ramorum originated from reproductively isolated populations and underwent at least four global migration events. This recent work sheds new light on mechanisms of emergence of exotic pathogens and provides crucial insights into migration pathways. [Partially funded by USDA FS PSW agreement 11-IA-11272131-077.]

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    Citation

    Grunwald, Niklaus J.; Garbelotto, Matteo; Goss, Erica M.; Huengens, Kurt; Prospero, Simone. 2012. Emergence of the sudden oak death pathogen Phytophthora ramorum. Trends in Microbiology. 20(3): 131 -138.

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    Keywords

    sudden oak death, Phytophthora ramorum, population genetics, invasive species

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