Skip to Main Content
Woody and herbaceous competition effects on the growth of naturally regenerated loblolly and shortleaf pines through 11 yearsAuthor(s): Michael D. Cain
Source: New Forests 14: 107-125, 1997. 19p.
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: View PDF (385 KB)
DescriptionAbout 67% of pine stands in the southeastern United States originated from natural seedfall (USDA Forest Service 1988), and this method of regeneration continues to be important for perpetuating the species. If midstory and overstory hardwoods are controlled and there is an adequate pine seed source, natural pine regeneration is a viable alternative to artificial regeneration for restocking cutover sites (Baker and Murphy 1982). The lower costs associ-ated with establishing natural pine regeneration can be particularly attractive to private, nonindustrial forest landowners (Cain and Bamett 1994a).
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationCain, Michael D. 1997. Woody and herbaceous competition effects on the growth of naturally regenerated loblolly and shortleaf pines through 11 years. New Forests 14: 107-125, 1997. 19p.
- Proceedings of the 12th biennial southern silvicultural research conference
- Proceedings of the eleventh biennial southern silvicultural research conference
- Hardwoods on pine sites: competition or antagonistic symbiosis
XML: View XML