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    Author(s): Michael D. Cain
    Date: 1997
    Source: New Forests 14: 107-125, 1997. 19p.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: Download Publication  (385 KB)


    About 67% of pine stands in the southeastern United States originated from natural seedfall (USDA Forest Service 1988), and this method of regeneration continues to be important for perpetuating the species. If midstory and overstory hardwoods are controlled and there is an adequate pine seed source, natural pine regeneration is a viable alternative to artificial regeneration for restocking cutover sites (Baker and Murphy 1982). The lower costs associ-ated with establishing natural pine regeneration can be particularly attractive to private, nonindustrial forest landowners (Cain and Bamett 1994a).

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    Cain, Michael D. 1997. Woody and herbaceous competition effects on the growth of naturally regenerated loblolly and shortleaf pines through 11 years. New Forests 14: 107-125, 1997. 19p.

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