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    Author(s): Justin B. RunyonJack L. ButlerMegan M. FriggensSusan E. MeyerSharlene E. Sing
    Date: 2012
    Source: In: Finch, Deborah M., ed. Climate change in grasslands, shrublands, and deserts of the interior American West: a review and needs assessment. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-285. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 97-115.
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (264.84 KB)

    Description

    Invasive species present one of the greatest threats to the health and sustainability of ecosystems worldwide. Invasive plants, animals, and diseases are known to have significant negative effects on biological diversity and the ecological structure and functions of native ecosystems. Moreover, the economic cost imposed by invasive species is enormous—the damage inflicted to natural resources and costs of control measures is an estimated $137 billion each year in the United States. Climate change can fundamentally alter the behavior, spread, and harm caused by invasive species and the effectiveness of control methods. If we are to keep pace with and effectively limit the spread and damage caused by invasive species, it is critical to understand and predict how climate change will affect species invasions and the efficacy of the tools used to combat these invasions. To better identify research needs, we review the current state of knowledge pertaining to climate change impacts on several key topics, including invasive plants, their biocontrol, and wildlife disease.

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    Citation

    Runyon, Justin B.; Butler, Jack L.; Friggens, Megan M.; Meyer, Susan E.; Sing, Sharlene E. 2012. Invasive species and climate change (Chapter 7). In: Finch, Deborah M., ed. Climate change in grasslands, shrublands, and deserts of the interior American West: a review and needs assessment. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-285. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 97-115.

    Keywords

    climate change, grasslands, shrublands, deserts, assessment

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