Skip to Main Content
The Search for Value and Meaning in the Cocoa Supply Chain in Costa RicaAuthor(s): Jessica Haynes; Frederick Cubbage; D. Evan Mercer; Erin Sills
Source: Sustainability 4(7):1466-1487
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Southern Research Station
PDF: View PDF (592.42 KB)
DescriptionQualitative interviews with participants in the cocoa (Theobroma cacao) supply chain in Costa Rica and the United States were conducted and supplemented with an analysis of the marketing literature to examine the prospects of organic and Fairtrade certification for enhancing environmentally and socially responsible trade of cocoa from Costa Rica. Respondents were familiar with both systems, and most had traded at least organic cocoa for some period. However, most individuals said that they were seeking better product differentiation and marketing than has been achieved under the organic and Fairtrade systems. Many suggested that more direct recognition of individual growers and the unique value of their cocoa throughout the production chain would be more helpful than certification for small companies in the cocoa supply chain. These findings suggest new marketing techniques that convey an integration of meaning into the cocoa and chocolate supply chain as a differentiation strategy. This involves integration of the story of producers’ commitment and dedication; shared producer and consumer values of social and environmental responsibility; and personal relationships between producers and consumers. This marketing approach could enhance the ability of smaller companies to successfully vie with their larger competitors and to produce cocoa in a more environmentally and socially acceptable manner.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationHaynes, Jessica; Cubbage, Frederick; Mercer, D. Evan; Sills, Erin. 2012. The Search for Value and Meaning in the Cocoa Supply Chain. Sustainability 4(7):1466-1487.
Keywordscocoa, supply chain, certification, trade, marketing, integration of meaning, Costa Rica
On the importance of the Cerulean and Golden-winged Warblers summits in the National Federation of Coffee Growers of Colombia in Bogotá
- Population genomic analyses of the brown root-rot pathogen, Phellinus noxius, examine potential invasive spread among Pacific islands
- Phylogenetic and population analyses of the invasive brown root-rot pathogen (Phellinus noxius) highlight the existence of at least two distinct populations
XML: View XML