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    Author(s): Chad P. Lehman; Lowell E. Schmitz; Mark A. Rumble; Jackie J. Kragel; Joshua J. Millspaugh
    Date: 2012
    Source: Western North American Naturalist. 72(2): 250-251.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (34.18 KB)


    On the basis of reports in the literature, incidence of dystocia in wild elk (Cervus elaphus) across the west is rare. In 2011, one of 34 (3%) pregnant cow elk in our study experienced dystocia during birth. Our visual observations indicated that it took approximately 4 days for a radio-collared cow elk to succumb to dystocia in our study. Little is known about dystocia in wild elk populations, and our observation provides some insight about fetal malpresentations.

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    Lehman, Chad P.; Schmitz, Lowell E.; Rumble, Mark A.; Kragel, Jackie J.; Millspaugh, Joshua J. 2012. Observation of dystocia in wild elk. Western North American Naturalist. 72(2): 250-251.


    wild elk, Cervus elaphus, dystocia

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