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    Description

    On the basis of reports in the literature, incidence of dystocia in wild elk (Cervus elaphus) across the west is rare. In 2011, one of 34 (3%) pregnant cow elk in our study experienced dystocia during birth. Our visual observations indicated that it took approximately 4 days for a radio-collared cow elk to succumb to dystocia in our study. Little is known about dystocia in wild elk populations, and our observation provides some insight about fetal malpresentations.

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    Citation

    Lehman, Chad P.; Schmitz, Lowell E.; Rumble, Mark A.; Kragel, Jackie J.; Millspaugh, Joshua J. 2012. Observation of dystocia in wild elk. Western North American Naturalist. 72(2): 250-251.

    Keywords

    wild elk, Cervus elaphus, dystocia

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/41320