Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Kari Hyytiäinen; Robert G. Haight
    Date: 2012
    Source: In: von Gadow, K.; Pukkala, T., eds. Continuous Cover Forestry, 2nd Edition. New York, NY: Springer: 195-228.
    Publication Series: Book Chapter
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (506.94 KB)


    The practice of silviculture involves the art and science of controlling the establishment, growth, composition, health, and quality of forests and woodlands to meet the diverse needs and values of landowners and society on a sustainable basis. Silvicultural practices are often divided into two broadly defined management systems, which in North America are usually referred to as "even-aged" and "uneven-aged" management. In the context of this book, "uneven-aged" management is synonymous with continuous cover forestry (CCF). The choice of appropriate management system is guided by case-specific considerations, including ecological requirements of tree species currently present and desired; effects of timber harvest on forest flora and fauna; risk of damage from wildfire, insects, or pathogens; and financial and other landowner objectives for the managed forest. Skillful use of silvicultural practices can achieve the landowner's objectives with greater assurance of success than will reliance on natural processes alone.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Hyytiäinen, Kari; Haight, Robert G. 2012. Optimizing continuous cover forest management Chapter 6. In: von Gadow, K.; Pukkala, T., eds. Continuous Cover Forestry, 2nd Edition. New York, NY: Springer: 195-228.


    Google Scholar

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page