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    Author(s): Bret W. Tobalske; Raymond C. Shearer; Richard L. Hutto
    Date: 1991
    Source: Res. Pap. INT-GTR-442. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 12 p.
    Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
    Station: Intermountain Forest Experiment Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.83 MB)


    Of 32 species of abundant breeding birds, populations of 10 species differed significantly between small cutting units and adjacent uncut forest. Foliage foragers and tree gleaners were less abundant in cutting units, while flycatching species and ground foragers were more common there. Of nesting guilds, conifer tree nesters were least abundant in cutting units, and ground nesters were more common there. Results suggest that bird management should consider diverse community-level habitat needs and that if maintenance of tree-dependent species is important, broadleaf trees and snags of all species should be retained.

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    Tobalske, Bret W.; Shearer, Raymond C.; Hutto, Richard L. 1991. Bird populations in logged and unlogged western larch/Douglas-fir forest in northwestern Montana. Res. Pap. INT-RP-442. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 12 p.


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    breeding birds, bird habitat, wildlife management, timber harvesting

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