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Regulating the sustainability of forest management in the Americas: Cross-country comparisons of forest legislationAuthor(s): Kathleen McGinley; Raquel Alvarado; Frederick Cubbage; Diana Diaz; Pablo J. Donoso; Laercio Antonio Jacovine Goncalves; Fabiano Luiz de Silva; Charles MacIntyre; Elizabeth Monges Zalazar
Source: Forests. 3:467-505 doi:10.3390/f3030467
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: International Institute of Tropical Forestry
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Forest Regulations are Rigorous throughout much of the Americas, but Implementation Remains a Challenge in Latin America
DescriptionBased on theoretical underpinnings and an empirical review of forest laws and regulations of selected countries throughout the Americas, we examine key components of natural forest management and how they are addressed in the legal frameworks of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Uruguay, and the U.S. We consider forest policy directives in terms of legislative, planning, operational, environmental/ecological, social, and economic aspects and classify them by the type of policy obligation: (1) non-discretionary laws or rules; or (2) discretionary, voluntary directives; and, further, by the type of policy approach: (1) a specific technology or practice required or recommended; (2) a process or system requirement or recommendation; or (3) a performance or outcome based requirement or recommendation. Protection of at-risk species and riparian buffers are required in all countries and include specific prescriptions in most; forest management planning and secure, legal land title or tenancy are commonly required; and mandatory processes to protect soil and water quality are customary. Less common requirements include forest monitoring and social and economic aspects, and, when in place, they are usually voluntary. Implications for improved policies to achieve sustainable forest management (SFM) are discussed.
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CitationMcGinley, Kathleen; Alvarado, Raquel; Cubbage, Frederick; Diaz, Diana; Donoso, Pablo J.; Jacovine Goncalves, Laercio Antonio; de Silva, Fabiano Luiz; MacIntyre, Charles; Monges Zalazar, Elizabeth. 2012. Regulating the sustainability of forest management in the Americas: Cross-country comparisons of forest legislation. Forests. 3:467-505; doi:10.3390/f3030467
Keywordsforest regulation, sustainable forest management policy, Latin America, North America
- Forest vegetation management and protection of stream quality
- Examining forest governance in the United States through the Montréal Process Criteria and Indicators Framework
- Watershed management in the United States in the 21st Century
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