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    Author(s): Andrew D. Richardson; Ryan S. Anderson; M. Altaf Arain; Alan G. Barr; Gil Bohrer; Guangsheng Chen; Jing M. Chen; Philippe Ciais; Kenneth J. David; Ankur R. Desai; Michael C. Dietze; Danilo Dragoni; Steven R. Garrity; Christopher M. Gough; Robert Grant; David Hollinger; Hank A. Margolis; Harry McCaughey; Mirco Migliavacca; Russel K. Monson; J. William Munger; Benjamin Poulter; Brett M. Raczka; Daniel M. Ricciuto; Alok K. Sahoo; Kevin Schaefer; Hanqin Tian; Rodrigo Vargas; Hans Verbeeck; Jingfeng Xiao; Yongkang Xue
    Date: 2012
    Source: Global Change Biology. 18(2): 566-584.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (482.48 KB)

    Description

    Phenology, by controlling the seasonal activity of vegetation on the land surface, plays a fundamental role in regulating photosynthesis and other ecosystem processes, as well as competitive interactions and feedbacks to the climate system. We conducted an analysis to evaluate the representation of phenology, and the associated seasonality of ecosystem-scale CO2 exchange, in 14 models participating in the North American Carbon Program Site Synthesis. Model predictions were evaluated using long-term measurements (emphasizing the period 2000-2006) from 10 forested sites within the AmeriFlux and Fluxnet-Canada networks.

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    Citation

    Richardson, Andrew D.; Anderson, Ryan S.; Arain, M. Altaf; Barr, Alan G.; Bohrer, Gil,; Chen, Guangsheng; Chen, Jing M.; Ciais, Philippe; David, Kenneth J.; Desai, Ankur R.; Dietze, Michael C.; Dragoni, Danilo; Garrity, Steven R.; Gough, Christopher M.; Grant, Robert; Hollinger, David; Margolis, Hank A.; McCaughey, Harry; Migliavacca, Mirco; Monson, Russel K.; Munger, J. William; Poulter, Benjamin; Raczka, Brett M.; Ricciuto, Daniel M.; Sahoo, Alok K.; Schaefer, Kevin; Tian, Hanqin; Vargas, Rodrigo; Verbeeck, Hans; Xiao, Jingfeng; Xue, Yongkang. 2012. Terrestrial biosphere models need better representation of vegetation phenology: results from the North American Carbon Program Site Synthesis. Global Change Biology. 18(2): 566-584.

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    Keywords

    autumn senescence, carbon cycle, land surface model (LSM), leaf area index (LAI), model error, North American Carbon Program (NACP), phenology, seasonal dynamics, spring onset

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