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    Author(s): Yao Chen; Yongming Fan; Jianmin Gao; Mandla A. Tshabalala; Nicole M. Stark
    Date: 2012
    Source: Wood Material Science & Engineering 0.0:1-8; 2012.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: Download Publication  (585.44 KB)


    To investigate the role of extractives on heat-induced discoloration of wood, samples of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) wood flour were extracted with various solvents prior to heat-treatment. Analysis of their color parameters and chromophoric structures showed that the chroma value of the unextracted sample decreased while that of the extracted sample increased after heat-treatment. Both samples showed broad diffuse reflectance UV-Vis (DRUV) absorption bands with maxima around 360-380 nm after heat-treatment due to the formation of conjugated double bonds, carbonyl functionalities, and quinoid structures. Compared with the unextracted sample, the dominant chromaticity of the extracted samples hypochromatically shifted and the peak became narrower. This result showed that extractives contribute mostly to the reduction in the light reflection on heat-treated wood. In addition to extractives, lignin and hemicellulose also contributed to the formation of color substances upon heat-treatment. The increase in C3/C2 ratio in X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) spectra signified the oxidation reactions in the heating process. The increase in O1/O2 for extracted sample after heat-treatment and changes in DRUVand Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) spectra support the hypothesis that discoloration can also arise from the degradation of hemicellulose and the condensation reactions of lignin.

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    Chen, Yao; Fan, Yongming; Gao, Jianmin; Tshabalala, Mandla A.; Stark, Nicole M. 2012. Spectroscopic analysis of the role of extractives on heat-induced discoloration of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia). Wood Material Science & Engineering. p. 1-8. DOI: 10.1080/17480272.2012.669407.


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    color space, discoloration, diffuse reflectance UV-Vis (DRUV), attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR), heat treatment, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)

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