Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Jeffrey D. Kochenderfer; Gary W. Miller; James N. Kochenderfer
    Date: 2012
    Source: Res. Pap. NRS-21. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 10 p.
    Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (581.91 KB)


    Efficacies for two herbicide stem injection treatments on American beech (Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.) and impacts to nontarget residual trees were evaluated in central West Virginia. The treatments consisted of hack-and-squirt injection of all beech stems ≥1.0 in. to 9.9 in. diameter at breast height (d.b.h.) with either imazapyr as ArsenalTM (28.7 percent) or glyphosate as Razor ProTM (41 percent) in water carriers. The treatments were applied in September 2008 and evaluated 12 months after treatment. Complete control of injected stems was achieved with both treatments; however, treatment efficacy on untreated beech stems >1.0 ft tall to 0.9 in. d.b.h. was higher on the Arsenal treatments. No damage occurred to any desirable overstory species such as black cherry (Prunus serotina Ehrh.) or red maple (Acer rubrum L.) trees that were located on all the treatment plots. Land managers can use the hack-and-squirt injection treatments described in this study to control both injected trees and a large proportion of smaller beech root sprouts associated with them.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Kochenderfer, Jeffrey D.; Miller, Gary W.; Kochenderfer, James N. 2012. A comparison of two stem injection treatments applied to American beech in central West Virginia. Res. Pap. NRS-21. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 10 p.


    Google Scholar


    herbicide, American beech, stem injection treatments, efficacy, nontarget residual trees, imazapyr, glyphosate, silviculture

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page