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Rheological modification of corn stover biomass at high solids concentrationsAuthor(s): Joseph R. Samaniuk; C. Tim Scott; Thatcher W. Root; Daniel J. Klingenberg
Source: J. Rheol. Volume 56, Number 3, 649-665, May/June (2012).
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Forest Products Laboratory
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DescriptionAdditives were tested for their ability to modify the rheology of lignocellulosic biomass. Additive types included water-soluble polymers (WSPs), surfactants, and fine particles. WSPs were the most effective rheological modifiers, reducing yield stresses of concentrated biomass by 60–80% for additive concentrations of 1–2 wt. % (based on mass of dry biomass solids). Yield stress and plastic viscosity of rheologically modified biomass depended on WSP molecular weight and degree of substitution. The apparent shear stress-shear rate data are represented with the Bingham model. In the absence of WSP, the biomass exhibited a positive yield stress and a negative plastic viscosity, which suggests a nonmonotonic dependence of shear stress on shear rate. When WSP was added, the yield stress decreased and the plastic viscosity increased, becoming positive for sufficiently large WSP concentrations.
CitationSamaniuk, Joseph R.; Scott, C. Tim; Root, Thatcher W.; Klingenberg, Daniel J. 2012. Rheological modification of corn stover biomass at high solids concentrations. Journal of Rheology. 56(3): 649-665.
Keywordsbiomass, corn stover, rheology, yield stress, viscosity
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