Skip to Main Content
Urban Ecology: Patterns of Population Growth and Ecological EffectsAuthor(s): Wayne C. Zipperer; Steward T.A. Pickett
Source: In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester. 1-8.
Publication Series: Miscellaneous
Station: Southern Research Station
Download Publication (384.86 KB)
DescriptionCurrently, over 50% of the world’s population lives in urban areas. By 2050, this estimate is expected to be 70%. This urban growth, however, is not uniformly distributed around the world. The majority of it will occur in developing nations and create megacities whose populations exceed at least 10 million people. Not all urban areas, however, are growing. Some are actually losing populations because of changing economic conditions and population demographics. Whether a city is growing or losing population, governances face unique challenges with respect to infrastructural, water and transportation needs. To meet these challenges, agencies within city government are cooperating by pooling resources and removing conflicting policies, partnering with the private sector to offset costs of infrastructure, and taking new approaches to design infrastructure. By linking ecological theory with urban design, a more integrative approach to create liveable spaces, which are sustainable, can be achieved in rapidly expanding and shrinking urban areas.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationZipperer, Wayne C.; Pickett, Steward T.A. 2012. Urban Ecology: Patterns of Population Growth and Ecological Effects. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester. 1-8.
- An ecology for cities: A transformational nexus of design and ecology to advance climate change resilience and urban sustainability
- Exploring the ecology of suburban wildlife
- From the sanitary city to the sustainable city: challenges to institutionalising biogenic (nature's services) infrastructure
XML: View XML