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    Author(s): David N. Bengston; Michele A. Schermann; Foung Hawj; MaiKia Moua
    Date: 2012
    Source: Applied Environmental Education & Communication. 11: 1-8.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (81.46 KB)


    Society's increasing diversity poses many challenges to environmental educators. Numerous barriers and constraints to ethnic minority communities' environmental literacy and engagement in nature-based activities have been identified, including lack of outreach, discrimination or the perceived potential for discrimination, cultural differences, economic factors, and the need for cultural diversity training among environmental educators. A barrier that is seldom discussed is a lack of culturally appropriate approaches to environmental education and outreach. Environmental educators and professionals have often identified the need for reaching out to ethnic minorities and other underrepresented groups and discussed creative approaches to multicultural environmental education, but there are relatively few examples of culturally appropriate approaches to environmental education. This article describes a project to develop culturally appropriate environmental education materials for Hmong Americans, including new refugees and elders with little proficiency in English as well as the broader, multigenerational Hmong community.

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    Bengston, David N.; Schermann, Michele A.; Hawj, Foung; Moua, MaiKia. 2012. Culturally appropriate environmental education: an example of a partnership with the Hmong American community. Applied Environmental Education & Communication. 11: 1-8.


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