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Long-term integrated studies show complex and surprising effects of climate change in northern hardwood forests

Author(s):

Peter M. Groffman
Pamela H. Templer
Lynn M. Christenson
Nina K. Lany
Anne M. Socci
Matthew A. Vadeboncoeur
Geoffrey F. Wilson
Charles T. Driscoll
Timothy J. Fahey
Melany C. Fisk
Christine L. Goodale
Mark B. Green
Steven P. Hamburg
Chris E. Johnson
Myron J. Mitchell
Jennifer L. Morse
Nicholas L. Rodenhouse

Year:

2012

Publication type:

Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Primary Station(s):

Northern Research Station

Source:

BioScience. 62(12): 1056-1066

Description

Evaluations of the local effects of global change are often confounded by the interactions of natural and anthropogenic factors that overshadow the effects of climate changes on ecosystems. Long-term watershed and natural elevation gradient studies at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest and in the surrounding region show surprising results demonstrating the effects of climate change on hydrologic variables (e.g., evapotranspiration, streamflow, soil moisture); the importance of changes in phenology on water, carbon, and nitrogen fluxes during critical seasonal transition periods; winter climate change effects on plant and animal community composition and ecosystem services; and the effects of anthropogenic disturbances and land-use history on plant community composition. These studies highlight the value of long-term integrated research for assessments of the subtle effects of changing climate on complex ecosystems.

Citation

Groffman, Peter M.; Rustad, Lindsey; Templer, Pamela H. ; Campbell, John; Christenson, Lynn M.; Lany, Nina K.; Socci, Anne M.; Vadeboncoeur, Matthew A.; Schaberg, Paul; Wilson, Geoffrey F.; Driscoll, Charles T.; Fahey, Timothy J.; Fisk, Melany C.; Goodale, Christine L.; Green, Mark B.; Hamburg, Steven P. ; Johnson, Chris E. ; Mitchell, Myron J.; Morse, Jennifer L.; Pardo, Linda H.; Rodenhouse, Nicholas L. 2012. Long-term integrated studies show complex and surprising effects of climate change in northern hardwood forests. BioScience. 62(12): 1056-1066

Cited

Publication Notes

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  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/42303