Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub

    Description

    Pine straw harvesting can provide an economic benefit to landowners, but the practice may also change the composition of plant communities. This research was initiated in a 34-year-old stand of longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) established in 1956 to study how pine straw management practices (fertilization, prescribed fire, and straw harvesting) affected plant communities, and herein, effects on understory vegetation are reported. A randomized complete block split-plot design was installed with two main plots: (1) no fertilization and (2) fertilization three times with different combinations of N, P, and K. There were four subplot treatments: (1) control, (2) prescribed fire, (3) prescribed fire and 2 harvests of pine straw, and (4) 13 annual harvests of pine straw. Fertilization significantly increased grass cover as a percentage of surface area. However, there was a general lack of understory plant response to nutrient amendments, partly because pine straw harvesting and burning were confounding fertilization effects. Prescribed fire and mechanical harvesting activities created similar understories on subplot treatments 2, 3, and 4 by significantly reducing understory woody plant stature and removing litter. Increases in understory tree and shrub stature, number of woody vines per acre, and percentage of woody plant cover significantly decreased herbaceous plant yields and percentage of cover.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Haywood, James D. 2012. Pine straw harvesting, fire, and fertilization affect understory vegetation within a Louisiana longleaf pine stand. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry. 36(3): 130-135.

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page